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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used in-process key-value storeHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.86
Rank#161  Overall
#23  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#78  Relational DBMS
Score2.84
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score0.78
Rank#171  Overall
#83  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmldocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperFoundationDBOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleYugaByte Inc.
Initial release201319942017
Current release6.2.11, November 201918.1 (Core), June 20182.0.10, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freedepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsYCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynoyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnoyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-slave replicationBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoyes

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More resources
FoundationDBOracle Berkeley DBYugabyteDB
Recent citations in the news

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

FoundationDB Goes Open Source
23 April 2018, Datanami

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

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Yugabyte Advances Distributed SQL Leadership with Release of Yugabyte DB 2.0
17 September 2019, DevOps.com

YugaByte's distributed database gets GraphQL integration, Jepsen testing in a major update
17 September 2019, The Next Web

Yugabyte DB 2.0 Ships Production-Ready Distributed SQL Database for Going Cloud Native
8 October 2019, Integration Developers

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: YugaByte DB
19 July 2019, SDTimes.com

Yugabyte Announces the General Availability of Yugabyte DB 2.0; Advances Distributed SQL Leadership
19 September 2019, Toolbox

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