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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Neo4j vs. Redis vs. ScyllaDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Neo4j vs. Redis vs. ScyllaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Cassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column store
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceKey-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.33
Rank#149  Overall
#25  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score56.95
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score169.88
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score3.46
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#7  Wide column stores
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgneo4j.comredis.io
redislabs.com
www.scylladb.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbneo4j.com/­docsdocs.redislabs.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
docs.scylladb.com
DeveloperFoundationDBNeo4j, Inc.Redis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsScyllaDB
Initial release2013200720092015
Current release6.2.28, November 20204.3.2, July 20216.2.4, June 2021Scylla Open Source 4.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaS
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaCC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynonoSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)
APIs and other access methodsBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolProprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
For CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)yes, Lua
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerpublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
selectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonothrough RedisGearsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Eventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoRelationships in graphsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoin-memory tables
User concepts infoAccess controlnoUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
Access rights for users can be defined per object
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBNeo4jRedisScyllaDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Scylla is a highly-available, highly-scalable, highly-performant NoSQL database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
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Highly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
AdTech ( AdGear , AppMonet , Dstillery , FullContact , MediaMath , Numberly , SAS...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Comcast, Grab, OlaCabs, Yahoo! Japan, IMVU, Adgear, Xandr, Zenly, Natura, Snapfish,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more
Scylla Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) Scylla Enterprise - subscription-based...
» more
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