DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > etcd vs. FoundationDB vs. jBASE vs. Neo4j vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. FoundationDB vs. jBASE vs. Neo4j vs. Postgres-XL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonjBASE  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A robust multi-value DBMS comprising development tools and middlewareScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelKey-value storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Multivalue DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.96
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score1.30
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score1.68
Rank#133  Overall
#3  Multivalue DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#203  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
www.foundationdb.orgwww.jbase.comneo4j.comwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
apple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.zumasys.com/­jbaseneo4j.com/­docswww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperFoundationDBZumasysNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release2013199120072014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release3.4, August 20196.2.28, November 20205.74.4.0, December 202110 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoC++Java, ScalaC
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
Linux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenono infosome layers support typingoptionalyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnonoyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnosupported in specific SQL layer onlyEmbedded SQL for jBASE in BASICnoyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
Basic
Jabbascript
Java
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoin SQL-layer onlyyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions
Triggersyes, watching key changesnoyesyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes using Neo4j Fabrichorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.yesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACIDACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
etcdFoundationDBjBASENeo4jPostgres-XL
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Jim Webber with Matthias Sieber: Teaching Neo4j to Make the World a Better Place
6 December 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Advent of Graphs, Neo4j 4.4, 2021 Graphie Awards, Graph Embeddings
4 December 2021

Neo4j 4.4 – The Fastest Path to Graph Database Productivity, Generally Available
2 December 2021

The Results Are In: Here Are This Year’s Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021

What’s the ROI of a Graph Technology Investment?
30 November 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
etcdFoundationDBjBASENeo4jPostgres-XL
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

All about performance: etcd 3.5 looks to make Kubernetes users happy • DEVCLASS
17 June 2021, DevClass

Exclusive: SEBI may release consultation paper allowing FPIs in commodity derivatives market
8 December 2021, CNBCTV18

Silver ETFs: Sebi issues final guidelines and here are five things you should know about them
24 November 2021, Moneycontrol.com

Sebi may allow FPIs to participate in commodity derivatives market
10 November 2021, Business Standard

Distributed Key-Value Store etcd Graduates at CNCF
29 November 2020, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Apple launches redesigned website with its open source projects and others from the community
8 December 2021, 9to5Mac

Apple Launches Redesigned Open Source Website
8 December 2021, MacRumors

Intel Joins Hands with Snowflake to Improve Clients’ Experience
23 November 2021, Nasdaq

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Zumasys Acquires Two Software Companies to Extend jBASE
25 August 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Zumasys, Inc
5 March 2019, International Spectrum Magazine

provided by Google News

Neo4j Delivers 417% ROI in 2021 Total Economic Impact Study
18 November 2021, PRNewswire

Neo4j Announces 2021 Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021, PRNewswire

Google's Ex-CFO Joins Board of $2bn Database Startup Neo4j
9 November 2021, Business Insider

Neo4j Will Use Funds to Expand Managed Cloud Database
9 November 2021, DevOps.com

Neo4j AuraDB Free is Now Available in Asia Pacific
15 November 2021, Data & Storage Asean

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

5G RAN New HW Integration Developer/ Tester
Mavenir, Richardson, TX

Agriculture and Education Coordinator - Chugiak, Alaska - Native Village of Eklutna
Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, Chugiak, AK

Junior Developer
Paradyme Management, Washington, DC

Software Development Engineer (AWS Kubernetes) - Virtual Opportunities
Amazon Dev Center U.S., Inc., United States

Cloud Platform Engineer-1
PayPal, Chicago, IL

NEo4j Developer
ACS Group, Washington, DC

Office Manager
Neo4j, San Mateo, CA

Python Developer(Remote)
DevCool Inc., Remote

Interdisciplinary (Data Research Analyst)
US National Science Foundation, Alexandria, VA

Curriculum Developer (Remote)
Neo4j, United States

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here