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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. Postgres-XL vs. SpatiaLite

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. Postgres-XL vs. SpatiaLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresSpatial extension of SQLite
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.36
Rank#149  Overall
#25  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#74  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#164  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#210  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Score1.95
Rank#128  Overall
#2  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgres-xl.orgwww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­index
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationwww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.html
DeveloperFoundationDBVesoft Inc.Alessandro Furieri
Initial release201320192014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2008
Current release6.2.28, November 202010 R1, October 20185.0.0, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++CC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
macOS
server-less
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasStrong typed schemayesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesnoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query languageyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyuser defined functionsno
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBNebula GraphPostgres-XLSpatiaLite
News

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

Introducing TOSS: Achieving Eventual Consistency of Edges in Nebula Graph
11 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6 Release Note
8 November 2021

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FoundationDBNebula GraphPostgres-XLSpatiaLite
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