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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. Postgres-XL vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Nebula Graph vs. Postgres-XL vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.30
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#161  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#203  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Score6.50
Rank#60  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Websitewww.foundationdb.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgres-xl.orgriak.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperFoundationDBVesoft Inc.Basho Technologies
Initial release201320192014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2009
Current release6.2.28, November 202010 R1, October 20182.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++CErlang
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasStrong typed schemayesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesnoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query languageyes infodistributed, parallel query executionno
APIs and other access methodsBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyuser defined functionsJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersnoyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocolselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoRelationships in graphsyesno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoMVCCno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBNebula GraphPostgres-XLRiak KV
News

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1 December 2021

How to Select a Graph Database: Best Practices at RoyalFlush
17 November 2021

Nebula Hackathon 2021 is live now!
16 November 2021

Nebula Graph v2.6.0 Performance Report
12 November 2021

Introducing TOSS: Achieving Eventual Consistency of Edges in Nebula Graph
11 November 2021

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More resources
FoundationDBNebula GraphPostgres-XLRiak KV
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