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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Milvus vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Milvus vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Vector DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.03
Rank#190  Overall
#31  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#89  Relational DBMS
Score2.31
Rank#113  Overall
#3  Vector DBMS
Score0.65
Rank#234  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#107  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­apple/­foundationdbmilvus.iotypedb.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mdtypedb.com/­docs
DeveloperFoundationDBVaticle
Initial release201320192016
Current release6.2.28, November 20202.3.4, January 20242.26.3, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
Implementation languageC++C++, GoJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingVector, Numeric and Stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIgRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoRole based access control and fine grained access rightsyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBMilvusTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
TypeDB is a polymorphic database with a conceptual data model, a strong subtyping...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
TypeDB provides a new level of expressivity, extensibility, interoperability, and...
» more
Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more
Apache f or language drivers, and AGPL and Commercial for the database server. The...
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBMilvusTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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