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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Milvus vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Milvus vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Vector DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.03
Rank#190  Overall
#31  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#89  Relational DBMS
Score2.31
Rank#113  Overall
#3  Vector DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#256  Overall
#117  Relational DBMS
Websitegithub.com/­apple/­foundationdbmilvus.iowww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mdwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperFoundationDB
Initial release201320192014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release6.2.28, November 20202.3.4, January 202410 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Zilliz Cloud – Cloud-native service for Milvus
Implementation languageC++C++, GoC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Linux
macOS
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingVector, Numeric and Stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynouser defined functions
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoRole based access control and fine grained access rightsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBMilvusPostgres-XL
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
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Typical application scenariosRAG: retrieval augmented generation Video media : video understanding, video deduplication....
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by thousands of enterprises, including PayPal, eBay, IKEA, LINE,...
» more
Market metricsAs of January 2024, 25k+ GitHub stars 10M+ downloads and installations​ ​ 3k+ enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Fully-managed...
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBMilvusPostgres-XL
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