DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Oracle vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Oracle vs. TinkerGraph

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used RDBMSA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.94
Rank#161  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#79  Relational DBMS
Score9.58
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score1344.75
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.14
Rank#269  Overall
#22  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­sql-data-warehousewww.oracle.com/­databasetinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­sql-data-warehousedocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperFoundationDBMicrosoftOracle
Initial release2013201619802009
Current release6.2.11, November 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C#
Java
PHP
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyTransact SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseOracleTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FoundationDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseOracleTinkerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

Azure SQL Data Warehouse, the hub for a trusted and performance optimized cloud data warehouse
1 November 2017,  Arnaud Comet, Microsoft (sponsor) 

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Snowflake Announces General Availability on AWS in Tokyo
10 February 2020, AiThority

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

FoundationDB Goes Open Source
23 April 2018, Datanami

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Snowflake raises $479 million to boost cloud data warehouse
11 February 2020, TechTarget

Azure Synapse Analytics combines data warehouse, lake and pipelines
4 November 2019, ZDNet

Benefits of cloud data discovery tools and services multiply
12 February 2020, TechTarget

Code-free modern data warehouse using Azure SQL DW and Data Factory - Microsoft
26 April 2019, Channel 9

5 cloud database comparison tips to guide your data strategy
23 January 2020, TechTarget

provided by Google News

New Database Innovations Deliver a Single Database That Supports all Data
12 February 2020, MarTech Series

Apps Associates Launches Apps Pack for Oracle
13 February 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Oracle Database Administrator (Ref: ITSCLD0003) (C
15 February 2020, IT-Online

Equinix Taps Oracle Exadata for Interconnection Services
11 February 2020, SDxCentral

Oracle Unveils New Cloud-Based Platform for Machine Learning Models
14 February 2020, ADT Magazine

provided by Google News

Save Joern — Open Source at ShiftLeft
8 May 2018, Security Boulevard

Gremlin, a Language for Working with Graphs
15 January 2010, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Inc., Wexford, PA

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Wexford, PA

Sr. Data Scientist- Fraud
Branch, Redwood City, CA

Cloud System Engineer
Branch, Seattle, WA

Software Engineer - Platform Integration
ANDURIL INDUSTRIES, Irvine, CA

Senior Data Warehouse Developer (Azure)
Texas Capital Bank, Richardson, TX

Azure Data Technologist
Slalom Consulting, Seattle, WA

Azure/Python/SQL Developer
Avani Technology Solutions Inc, Portland, OR

Business Intelligence Data Warehouse Solutions Architect
DHL eCommerce, Norcross, GA

Data Engineer
Capgemini, Rhode Island

Oracle Database Administrator
Los Angeles Superior Court, Los Angeles County, CA

IS Advisor 1 - Oracle Database Administrator
Metropolitan Government of Nashville & Davidson County, Nashville, TN

Database Developer (SQL/Oracle/Sybase,)
Columbus OH, Columbus, OH

Oracle Database Engineer
Agree Technologies and Solutions, Portland, OR

Middle Tier & Database Administrator (NIGHT SHIFT: 3x12 or 4x10) – Oracle Saas at Customer Cloud Operations
Oracle, United States

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here