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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TiDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TiDB vs. UniData,UniVerse

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.MultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilities
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSMultivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.66
Rank#148  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score40.41
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score3.86
Rank#93  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score4.42
Rank#90  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbpingcap.comwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stablewww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentation
DeveloperFoundationDBMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.Rocket Software
Initial release2013201420161985
Current release6.2.28, November 20205.4.2, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++Go, RustC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyes infoJSON typesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Java API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyJavaScriptnoyes
TriggersnoJavaScriptnoyes infoU2 Basic
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning (by key range)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes infowith TiSpark Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynono infocurrently only supported in syntaxno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID infoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.Access rights according to SQL-standard and operating system based
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTiDBUniData,UniVerse
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTiDBUniData,UniVerse
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