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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.83
Rank#142  Overall
#26  Document stores
#26  Key-value stores
#71  Relational DBMS
Score37.95
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score3.52
Rank#98  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbpingcap.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperFoundationDBMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201320142016
Current release6.2.28, November 20206.4.0, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyJavaScriptno
TriggersnoJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*yes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTiDB
Recent citations in the news

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB
19 April 2018, MacRumors

Apple open-sources FoundationDB database to build open development community
20 April 2018, Daily Host News

Why Apple Had To Take The NoSQL Plunge
31 March 2015, ReadWrite

provided by Google News

Alert! Critical Vulnerability in Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB
3 November 2022, Data Center Knowledge

Microsoft Introduces Azure Cosmos DB for PostgreSQL
16 October 2022, InfoQ.com

Azure Cosmos DB: Low Latency and High Availability at Planet Scale
30 October 2022, InfoQ.com

Microsoft Announces PostgreSQL Option for Cosmos DB
12 October 2022, thenewstack.io

Researchers Disclose Details of Critical 'CosMiss' RCE Flaw Affecting Azure Cosmos DB
1 November 2022, The Hacker News

provided by Google News

PingCAP Named a Strong Performer among Translytical Data Platforms by Independent Research Firm
6 December 2022, StreetInsider.com

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud Serverless Tier, Delivering Affordable HTAP Database Service to Developers
1 November 2022, GlobeNewswire

PingCAP’s Innovative TiDB Database – Techstrong.TV
20 October 2022, DevOps.com

PingCAP's TiDB Cloud Launches on Google Cloud Marketplace to Reach Developers Globally
7 June 2022, Yahoo Finance

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

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