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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.27
Rank#151  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#74  Relational DBMS
Score36.47
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.55
Rank#232  Overall
#111  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperFoundationDBMicrosoft
Initial release201320142014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release6.2.28, November 202010 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query languageyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyJavaScriptuser defined functions
TriggersnoJavaScriptyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
FoundationDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBPostgres-XL
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