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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NebulaGraph

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. NebulaGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.66
Rank#148  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score40.41
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.31
Rank#170  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperFoundationDBMicrosoftVesoft Inc.
Initial release201320142019
Current release6.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeStrong typed schema
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyJavaScript
TriggersnoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNebulaGraph
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing NebulaGraph in...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNebulaGraph
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