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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. Redis vs. ScyllaDB vs. Valentina Server

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. Redis vs. ScyllaDB vs. Valentina Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonValentina Server  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Popular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Cassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column storeObject-relational database and reports server
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.35
Rank#146  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score102.59
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score171.35
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score3.70
Rank#90  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#7  Wide column stores
Score0.27
Rank#272  Overall
#126  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
redis.com
redis.io
www.scylladb.comwww.valentina-db.net
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
docs.scylladb.comvalentina-db.com/­docs/­dokuwiki/­v5/­doku.php
DeveloperFoundationDBMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Redis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsScyllaDBParadigma Software
Initial release20132009200920151999
Current release6.2.28, November 202010.6.4, August 20216.2.5, July 2021Scylla Open Source 4.5, October 20215.7.5
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaS
Implementation languageC++C and C++CC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes infocluster global secondary indicesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolProprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
For CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Visual Basic
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Lua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)yes, Luayes
Triggersnoyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
selectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonothrough RedisGearsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Eventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes infoin-memory tablesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
Access rights for users can be defined per objectfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBMariaDBRedisScyllaDBValentina Server
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Scylla is a highly-available, highly-scalable, highly-performant NoSQL database....
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» more
Highly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
AdTech ( AdGear , AppMonet , Dstillery , FullContact , MediaMath , Numberly , SAS...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Comcast, Grab, OlaCabs, Yahoo! Japan, IMVU, Adgear, Xandr, Zenly, Natura, Snapfish,...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRedis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more
Scylla Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) Scylla Enterprise - subscription-based...
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBMariaDBRedisScyllaDBValentina Server
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Recent citations in the news

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
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