DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. TerminusDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used in-process key-value storeScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.18
Rank#158  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#79  Relational DBMS
Score93.61
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.77
Rank#87  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score0.11
Rank#300  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlterminusdb.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlterminusdb.com/­docs
DeveloperFoundationDBMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release2013200919942018
Current release6.2.28, November 202010.5.8, 202018.1 (Core), June 20183.0.7, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Prolog, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3noyes
Triggersnoyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynoneGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBMariaDBOracle Berkeley DBTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FoundationDBMariaDBOracle Berkeley DBTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

How choosing the unexpected helped shape Snowflake
20 November 2020, SiliconANGLE News

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Everyone has an opinion on the $27.7B Slack acquisition
3 December 2020, TechCrunch

Leveraging the Power of Big Data and Small Data
28 November 2020, Analytics Insight

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Fedora 34 To Feature Updated MariaDB, Other Changes
4 December 2020, Phoronix

Database Migrations Shift Into High Gear
12 November 2020, Datanami

Financial Network, Inc. Moves to the Cloud with MariaDB SkySQL, Leaves Oracle Behind
10 November 2020, Business Wire

Global Enterprise Database Management System (DBMS) Market 2020 Growth, Trends, Developments, Leading Players, Revenue, Business Insights Forecast to 2025
4 December 2020, The Courier

Predictions: COVID-19, cloud, and consolidation (Includes interview)
29 November 2020, Digital Journal

provided by Google News

Fedora Looking To Transition The RPM Database From Berkeley DB To SQLite
16 March 2020, Phoronix

The best IoT databases for the edge – an overview and guide
15 October 2020, AZ Big Media

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
30 August 2009, DZone News

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Man-DB Brings Documentation to IBM i
12 August 2020, IT Jungle

provided by Google News

TerminusDB Launches TerminusHub
8 September 2020, Destination CRM

9 Trinity College Dublin spin-outs and what they're doing now
22 October 2020, Siliconrepublic.com

Dublin's DataChemist announces expansion into the Netherlands
20 November 2019, Siliconrepublic.com

How Kubernetes Provides Networking and Storage to Applications
15 September 2020, thenewstack.io

Komprise: Elastic Data Migration – The New Stack
1 April 2020, thenewstack.io

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Web Developer
PEX, Remote

Staff Data Scientist
Branch, Redwood City, CA

Engineering Manager
PEX, Remote

Site Reliability Engineer
PEX, Remote

Senior Go Developer
PEX, Remote

IT Service Desk Agent
Percona, Remote

Sr. Customer Support Engineer
Gridiron IT, Remote

Manager - Customer Success (Account Management)
Percona, United States

PostgreSQL DBA II - EMEA
Percona, Remote

Linux System Administrator
AccuWebHosting.Com, New Jersey

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here