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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Lovefield vs. MongoDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Lovefield vs. MongoDB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Embeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.94
Rank#161  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#79  Relational DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#247  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Score433.33
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score0.91
Rank#162  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitewww.foundationdb.orggoogle.github.io/­lovefieldwww.mongodb.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogleMongoDB, IncStardog-Union
Initial release2013201420092010
Current release6.2.11, November 20192.1.12, February 20174.2.2, December 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageC++JavaScriptC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSONGraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
JavaScriptActionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynoJavaScriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
TriggersnoUsing read-only observersyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keysnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infousing MemoryDByes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBLovefieldMongoDBStardog
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FoundationDBLovefieldMongoDBStardog
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