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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. LokiJS vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. LokiJS vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.In-memory JavaScript DBMSWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document storeKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.86
Rank#161  Overall
#23  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#78  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#225  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score2.84
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orggithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperFoundationDBOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release201320141994
Current release6.2.11, November 201918.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaScriptC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingnono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesnoyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
JavaScript.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersnoyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonono

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More resources
FoundationDBLokiJSOracle Berkeley DB
DB-Engines blog posts

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
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Recent citations in the news

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
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10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

FoundationDB Goes Open Source
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Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
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