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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. LokiJS vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. LokiJS vs. MarkLogic

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.In-memory JavaScript DBMSOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.35
Rank#146  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score0.60
Rank#225  Overall
#35  Document stores
Score9.43
Rank#49  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Websitewww.foundationdb.orggithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperFoundationDBMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release201320142001
Current release6.2.28, November 20209.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyView functions in JavaScriptyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levels
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBLokiJSMarkLogic
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBLokiJSMarkLogic
DB-Engines blog posts

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB, a Distributed Datastore
26 April 2018, ADT Magazine

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

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