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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. LevelDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. LevelDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.35
Rank#146  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score2.90
Rank#98  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score2.69
Rank#104  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orggithub.com/­google/­leveldbpingcap.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperFoundationDBGooglePingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201320112016
Current release6.2.28, November 20201.23, February 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBLevelDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

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18 October 2021

PingCAP's TiDB Cloud Attains GDPR Certification, Solidifying Its Position as a Trusted Global Database Provider
12 October 2021

TiDB Community joins Hacktoberfest 2021!
11 October 2021

The Benefits of a Hybrid Transactional and Analytical Processing Database
7 October 2021

Power Up Your Rails Apps with a NewSQL Database
30 September 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
FoundationDBLevelDBTiDB
Recent citations in the news

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB, a Distributed Datastore
26 April 2018, ADT Magazine

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

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PingCAP announces Public Preview of TiDB Cloud USA - English
10 May 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

PingCAP Announces TiDB Cloud, Bringing Fully-Managed TiDB Service to AWS and GCP
23 June 2020, PRNewswire

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

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