DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale vs. Manticore Search vs. Nebula Graph vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. LeanXcale vs. Manticore Search vs. Nebula Graph vs. Postgres-XL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparisonManticore Search  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilitiesMulti-storage database for search, including full-text search.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Search engineGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMS infousing the Manticore Columnar LibraryDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.44
Rank#146  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#292  Overall
#42  Key-value stores
#136  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#326  Overall
#20  Search engines
Score1.10
Rank#169  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score0.70
Rank#206  Overall
#97  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgwww.leanxcale.commanticoresearch.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbmanual.manticoresearch.comdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperFoundationDBLeanXcaleManticore SoftwareVesoft Inc.
Initial release20132015201720192014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release6.2.28, November 20204.2, December 202110 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Windows
LinuxLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesFixed schemaStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingInt, Bigint, Float, Timestamp, Bit, Int array, Bigint array, JSON, Booleanyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.Can index from XMLnoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnoyes infofull-text index on all search fieldsyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infothrough Apache DerbySQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Binary API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP/SQL API
SQL over MySQL
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
Java
Scala
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyuser defined functionsuser defined functions
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supportedShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSynchronous replication based on Galera libraryCausal Clustering using Raft protocol
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDyes infoisolated transactions for atomic changes and binary logging for safe writesACIDACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Manticore index.yes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBLeanXcaleManticore SearchNebula GraphPostgres-XL
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Nebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Nebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Social networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Currently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
At our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more
Nebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FoundationDBLeanXcaleManticore SearchNebula GraphPostgres-XL
Recent citations in the news

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

Data on Kubernetes Community Announces Schedule for DoK Day at KubeCon Europe 2022
6 May 2022, Business Wire

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB
19 April 2018, MacRumors

provided by Google News

Build A Web Crawler with Search bar Using Wget and Manticore [A Step By Step Guide]
18 April 2020, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News

Nebula Graph Takes Another Step to Lead Global Graph Database Market With the Release of V3.0.0
18 February 2022, MarTech Series

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

Nebula Graph is now available from VEsoft
29 June 2020, KMWorld Magazine

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

provided by Google News

Postgres-XL released to tackle big data analytics and more
13 May 2014, Opensource.com

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Community Evangelist
VESOFT Company Limited, California City, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here