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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. HugeGraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. HugeGraph vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonHugeGraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A fast-speed and highly-scalable Graph DBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.39
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#283  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1260.80
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.66
Rank#216  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orggithub.com/­hugegraphwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbhugegraph.github.io/­hugegraph-docdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperFoundationDBBaiduMicrosoftOracle
Initial release20132018198919802014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release6.2.28, November 20200.9SQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 201910 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaC++C and C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Unix
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnoyes infoalso supports composite index and range indexyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop Gremlin
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Groovy
Java
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyasynchronous Gremlin script jobsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBasetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBaseyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnovia hugegraph-sparknono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoedges in graphyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlnoUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
FoundationDBHugeGraphMicrosoft SQL ServerOraclePostgres-XL
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