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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Hive vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Hive vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.39
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score78.66
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score59.35
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.21
Rank#78  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.foundationdb.orghive.apache.orgneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homeneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperFoundationDBApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release2013201220072010
Current release6.2.28, November 20203.1.2, August 20194.4.9, July 20223.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC++JavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyEventual ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBHiveNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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