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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. Hazelcast vs. Sadas Engine

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. Hazelcast vs. Sadas Engine

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonSadas Engine  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A widely adopted in-memory data gridSADAS Engine is a columnar DBMS specifically designed for high performance in Data warehouse environments
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.29
Rank#152  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score9.99
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score9.52
Rank#50  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score0.04
Rank#329  Overall
#142  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgwww.h2database.comhazelcast.comwww.sadasengine.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docswww.sadasengine.com/­index.php/­downloads/­documentation-columnar-db
DeveloperFoundationDBThomas MuellerHazelcastSADAS s.r.l.
Initial release2013200520082006
Current release6.2.28, November 20202.0.204, December 20215.0, September 20218.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial infofree trial version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMAIX
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyesSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Java.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesno
Triggersnoyesyes infoEventsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infoReplicated Mapnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes infomanaged by 'Learn by Usage'
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standard

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More resources
FoundationDBH2HazelcastSadas Engine
Recent citations in the news

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB
19 April 2018, MacRumors

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

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Hazelcast Platform 5.0 Boosts Power of Real-Time Intelligent Apps
11 November 2021, Integration Developers

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