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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. GraphDB vs. SingleStore vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. GraphDB vs. SingleStore vs. TerminusDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Enterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.MySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table typeScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.44
Rank#146  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score2.70
Rank#111  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score7.04
Rank#61  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score0.14
Rank#302  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgwww.ontotext.comwww.singlestore.comterminusdb.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.singlestore.comterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperFoundationDBOntotextSingleStore Inc.DataChemist Ltd.
Initial release2013200020132018
Current release6.2.28, November 20209.8, June 20217.6, November 202110.0.21, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageC++JavaC++, GoProlog, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux info64 bit version requiredLinux
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlystored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyes infobut no triggers and foreign keysSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlywell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityyesyes
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infohash partitioningGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodesJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculationsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoConstraint checkingnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.yes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Fine grained access control via users, groups and rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
SingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
SingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
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Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Driving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
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Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
IEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
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Customers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
F ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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