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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. GraphDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. GraphDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.70
Rank#177  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
#87  Relational DBMS
Score1.19
Rank#136  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score50.54
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#143  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.66
Rank#187  Overall
#93  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orggraphdb.ontotext.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hanawww.stardog.com/­docsdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperFoundationDBOntotextSAPStardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20132000201020102017
Current release6.2.11, November 20198.8, January 20192.0 SPS04, April 20197.3.0, May 20202.1.2, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no infoalso available as a cloud based servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySPARQL is used as query languageyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyJava Server PluginSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnonoyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneyesnoneHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replicationyesMaster-master replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyesyesAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together three must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more
News

On the Hunt for Patterns: from Hippocrates to Supercomputers
18 May 2020

Knowledge Graph Conference 2020 Recap: Knowledge Graphs Are Getting Into the Limelight
15 May 2020

Return of the Jedi: Ontotext Platform Metamorphosis
21 April 2020

GraphDB Empowers Scientific Projects to Fight COVID-19 and Publish Knowledge Graphs
15 April 2020

Ontotext’s GraphDB Builds a Thriving Community of Expert Followers
2 April 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
FoundationDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
Conferences and events

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
Webinar, 5 pm CEST / 12 pm EDT / 6 pm EEST, 14 May 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

Apple unleashes FoundationDB as an open source project
20 April 2018, The Register

provided by Google News

Ontotext releases new version of GraphDB
15 May 2020, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, Yahoo Finance

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

SAP HANA database turns 10
15 May 2020, TechTarget

SAP HANA on Linux - the best Linux platform is SUSE Enterprise
22 May 2020, TechHQ

Acuver Partners with SAP, leverages SAP C/4 HANA to offer unified customer experience
29 May 2020, CRN.in

Unlock The Full Value Of SAP Hana In The Cloud With IBM Power
1 May 2020, E3zine.com

SAP S/4 Hana Cloud Or On Premises: Which Option Is Right For You?
11 May 2020, E3zine.com

provided by Google News

Former Pivotal Software President Bill Cook Joins Yugabyte as CEO to Lead Next Stage of Growth
19 May 2020, Business Wire

Yugabyte Releases 451 Research Pathfinder Report: Distributed SQL: An Enabler for Global Transactional Workloads
13 May 2020, Business Wire

Executive Perspective: Database Directions | Transforming Data with Intelligence
15 May 2020, TDWI

31 commercial open-source software startups that will thrive in 2020
3 May 2020, Business Insider

Yugabyte Scales to New Heights with the Release of YugabyteDB 2.1
25 February 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

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