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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. GraphDB vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. GraphDB vs. MonetDB vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportA relational database management system that stores data in columnsOpen source graph databaseDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.79
Rank#166  Overall
#25  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score1.15
Rank#138  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.74
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.51
Rank#57  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
Websitewww.foundationdb.orggraphdb.ontotext.comwww.monetdb.orgneo4j.combasho.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperFoundationDBOntotextMonetDB BVNeo4j, Inc.Basho Technologies
Initial release20132000200420072009
Current release6.1.11, July 20198.8, January 2019Apr2019, April 20193.5.8, July 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageC++JavaCJava, ScalaErlang
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenerestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySPARQL is used as query languageyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyJava Server Pluginyes, in SQL, C, Ryes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersnonoyesyes infovia event handleryes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding via remote tablesnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replicationnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental statusCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes infoRelationships in graphsno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMonetDBNeo4jRiak KV
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Column-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Scalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Analytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Numascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Free and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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More resources
FoundationDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMonetDBNeo4jRiak KV
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Conferences and events

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019

Finished events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
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GraphConnect 2020
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Recent citations in the news

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB Goes Open Source
23 April 2018, Datanami

provided by Google News

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11 February 2019, PRNewswire

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3 October 2019, PRNewswire

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13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

GraphDB 9.0 Open Sources Its Front End and Engine Plugins to Support Knowledge Graph Solutions
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