DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. SiteWhere

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. SiteWhere

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonSiteWhere  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.M2M integration platform for persisting/querying time series data
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.78
Rank#144  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score4.24
Rank#91  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#316  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgcloud.google.com/­spannersitewhere.io
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docssitewhere.io/­docs/­2.1.0
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogleSiteWhere
Initial release201320172010
Current release6.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoCommon Public Attribution License Version 1.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyespredefined scheme
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyno
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infobased on HBase
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.selectable replication factor infobased on HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud SpannerSiteWhere
Recent citations in the news

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB
19 April 2018, MacRumors

Apple open-sources FoundationDB database to build open development community
20 April 2018, Daily Host News

Apple's FoundationDB takes new Record Layer open source, confirms tech underpins CloudKit
14 January 2019, AppleInsider

provided by Google News

Google Cloud Spanner Introduces Free Trial Instances and Fine-Grained Access Control
24 September 2022, InfoQ.com

Google rolls out cloud database innovations, including free trial instances for Spanner
15 September 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Cloud Spanner Introduces Committed Use Discounts
19 March 2022, InfoQ.com

Akamai and Macrometa In Global Data Network Hookup
10 November 2022, Datanami

Google Cloud Spanner Adds PostgreSQL Interface: Is PostgreSQL Now Standard for Cloud Databases?
29 October 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

IoT Platform Market To Reach USD 21.55 Billion, Expanding at 15.23% CAGR by 2030 - Report by Market Research Future (MRFR)
11 October 2022, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Cloud Relational Database Engineer
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Cloud Architect
Landis Gyr, Alpharetta, GA

Architect - Cloud Infrastructure and Databases
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Cloud Architect
Landis+Gyr, Alpharetta, GA

Public Cloud Services Engineer
Citi, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here