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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Raima Database Manager vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Raima Database Manager vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database serverIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.05
Rank#165  Overall
#24  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
#81  Relational DBMS
Score2.78
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score0.44
Rank#232  Overall
#111  Relational DBMS
Score2.44
Rank#112  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgcloud.google.com/­spannerraima.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.raima.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogleRaima Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2013201719841998
Current release6.2.11, November 201914.111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAndroid
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possibleno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynoyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specificationPL/SQL
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud SpannerRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaTimesTen
Specific characteristicsThe world's first commercial In-Memory Relational Database offering (launched in...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimesTen offers many advantages over competing products: Mature product with nearly...
» more
Typical application scenariosTimesTen can be used in a wide range of application areas. Some examples include:...
» more
Key customersSome of our key customers include Ericsson , Telcordia , China Mobile, China Telecom,...
» more
Market metricsTimesTen is used by thousands of customers in tens of thousands of deployments worldwide...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsStandard Oracle licence models ; end user and ISV/OEM licence terms available.
» more
News

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19 May 2020

Raima and MontaVista announce strategic partnership
14 May 2020

Intelligence of Things with Raima at MWC Barcelona and Embedded World 2020
11 February 2020

Raima comes to FreeRTOS
19 July 2019

NO OS Support, New Geospatial Query Types and Optimization
24 April 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud SpannerRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaTimesTen
Recent citations in the news

Senior Database Reliability Engineer - FoundationDB — Cognite
9 September 2020, Built In Austin

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Striim Offers New Data Migration Service for Google Cloud
17 September 2020, Database Trends and Applications

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17 September 2020, ZDNet

Google Updates Cloud Spanner with New Features: Backup on Demand, Local Emulator, and More
1 May 2020, InfoQ.com

Google enhances Cloud Spanner and other databases
20 August 2020, TechTarget

Bed Bath & Beyond Inc. Expands Google Cloud Partnership To Accelerate Its Omni-Always Transformation And Better Serve Customers
17 September 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Raima and MontaVista Announce Strategic Partnership
14 May 2020, PRNewswire

Raima Expands Their Reseller Network in Asia
19 May 2020, PR Web

LabVIEW integrates Raima's Database API
7 August 2013, Embedded.com

What's the Difference Between SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL?
14 December 2019, Electronic Design

Wind River Partners News Bytes
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