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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Raima Database Manager vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. Raima Database Manager vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database serverIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.02
Rank#164  Overall
#24  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score2.65
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score4.11
Rank#79  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#237  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#115  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgcloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webraima.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.raima.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogleChris DavisRaima Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release20132017200619841998
Current release6.2.11, November 201914.111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++PythonC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Unix
Android
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possibleno
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynonoyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specificationPL/SQL
Triggersnononoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnonehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud SpannerGraphiteRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaTimesTen
Specific characteristicsThe world's first commercial In-Memory Relational Database offering (launched in...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimesTen offers many advantages over competing products: Mature product with nearly...
» more
Typical application scenariosTimesTen can be used in a wide range of application areas. Some examples include:...
» more
Key customersSome of our key customers include Ericsson , Telcordia , China Mobile, China Telecom,...
» more
Market metricsTimesTen is used by thousands of customers in tens of thousands of deployments worldwide...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsStandard Oracle licence models ; end user and ISV/OEM licence terms available.
» more
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More resources
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