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DBMS > etcd vs. FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.
Primary database modelKey-value storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.22
Rank#45  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score1.27
Rank#151  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#74  Relational DBMS
Score7.42
Rank#57  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
www.foundationdb.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestore
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
apple.github.io/­foundationdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogle
Initial release20132017
Current release3.4, August 20196.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenono infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnosupported in specific SQL layer onlyno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoin SQL-layer onlyyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
Triggersyes, watching key changesnoyes, with Cloud Functions
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.yesMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlyno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.

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More resources
etcdFoundationDBGoogle Cloud Firestore
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