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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. MonetDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. UniData,UniVerse

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. MonetDB vs. Postgres-XL vs. UniData,UniVerse

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Automatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformA relational database management system that stores data in columnsBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresMultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilities
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.30
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score4.44
Rank#79  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score1.91
Rank#125  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#203  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Score4.11
Rank#84  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgcloud.google.com/­datastorewww.monetdb.orgwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docswww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentation
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogleMonetDB BVRocket Software
Initial release2013200820042014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1985
Current release6.2.28, November 2020Oct2020-SP2, January 202110 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++CCC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyes, details hereyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query language (GQL)yes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyusing Google App Engineyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functionsyes
TriggersnoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyesyesyes infoU2 Basic
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding via remote tableshorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication using Paxosnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACIDACID infoMVCCACID infoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights according to SQL-standard and operating system based
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud DatastoreMonetDBPostgres-XLUniData,UniVerse
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud DatastoreMonetDBPostgres-XLUniData,UniVerse
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