DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. OpenQM vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. OpenQM vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonOpenQM infoalso called QM  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.QpenQM is a high-performance, self-tuning, multi-value DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value store
Wide column store
Multivalue DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.44
Rank#146  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score4.26
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score0.23
Rank#284  Overall
#10  Multivalue DBMS
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.openqm.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.openqm.com/­support/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogleMartin PhillipsPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2013201519931989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release6.2.28, November 20203.4-1214.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyes infowith some exceptionsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynonoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Basic
C
Java
Objective C
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynoyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud BigtableOpenQM infoalso called QMPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

Data on Kubernetes Community Announces Schedule for DoK Day at KubeCon Europe 2022
6 May 2022, Business Wire

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB
19 April 2018, MacRumors

provided by Google News

Google Needs Another Database To Attack Oracle, DB2, And SQL Server Directly
16 May 2022, The Next Platform

Google Introduces Autoscaling for Cloud Bigtable for Optimizing Costs
31 January 2022, InfoQ.com

Google's Data Cloud Summit Serves Up Incremental New Capabilities
25 April 2022, Forbes

Google Cloud Improves SLA for Bigtable and Adds New Security Features
19 June 2021, InfoQ.com

Database as a Service (DBaaS) Provider Market 2022 Trend, Business Growth, PESTEL Analysis, Forecast to 2030 | IBM, AWS, MongoDB Atlas
18 May 2022, Taiwan News

provided by Google News

OpenQM
22 July 2019, International Spectrum Magazine

provided by Google News

Google Cloud Introduces PostgreSQL-Compatible AlloyDB for Enterprise Database Workloads
21 May 2022, InfoQ.com

Review: YugabyteDB does PostgreSQL proud
16 May 2022, InfoWorld

First beta for PostgreSQL 15 now available
19 May 2022, SDTimes.com

Why Run Postgres in Kubernetes?
5 May 2022, Container Journal

Microsoft Azure Vulnerability Exposes PostgreSQL Databases to Other Customers
28 April 2022, The Hacker News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Sr. Integration Engineer - Remote US
Rodan and Fields, LLC, San Ramon, CA

Software Engineer
MOLOCO, Seattle, WA

Product Solutions Engineer, Open Source Solutions, Developer Excellence
Google, New York, NY

Staff Software Engineer - Data Interfaces
Fastly, San Francisco, CA

Sr. Integration Engineer - Remote US
Rodan and Fields, LLC, San Francisco, CA

Mid-Level Django + Python + PostgreSQL (Sweat Equity Remote Back End Job)
cue, Remote

Data Conversion Specialist
Creative Information Technology Inc, Remote

Database Administrator
C2S Techs, Bellevue, WA

Senior Full Stack Web Developer - Fully Remote, Observablehq.com
Observable, Remote

PostgreSQL Developer
Plaxonic Technologies Inc., Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here