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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. NSDb

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. NSDb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Scalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of Kubernetes
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Wide column storeTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.35
Rank#146  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score3.64
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablensdb.io
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsnsdb.io/­Architecture
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogle
Initial release201320152017
Current release6.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingnoyes: int, bigint, decimal, string
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnonoall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynono
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesUsing Apache Lucene
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
FoundationDBGoogle Cloud BigtableNSDb
Recent citations in the news

Value Database Market Is Dazzling Worldwide | Google, Facebook, ScyllaDB, Alibaba – Puck77
12 October 2021, Puck77

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB, a Distributed Datastore -- ADTmag
26 April 2018, ADT Magazine

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