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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. GeoMesa vs. H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. KeyDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. GeoMesa vs. H2 vs. HyperSQL vs. KeyDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGeoMesa  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonKeyDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.GeoMesa is a distributed spatio-temporal DBMS based on various systems as storage layer.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBAn ultra-fast, open source Key-value store fully compatible with Redis API, modules, and protocols
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Spatial DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.44
Rank#146  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score0.78
Rank#199  Overall
#3  Spatial DBMS
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score5.35
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score0.33
Rank#270  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgwww.geomesa.orgwww.h2database.comhsqldb.orggithub.com/­JohnSully/­KeyDB
keydb.dev
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.geomesa.org/­documentation/­stable/­user/­index.htmlwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.keydb.dev
DeveloperFoundationDBCCRi and othersThomas MuellerEQ Alpha Technology Ltd.
Initial release20132014200520012019
Current release6.2.28, November 20203.2.0, April 20212.1.210, January 20222.6.1, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache License 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoBSD-3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++ScalaJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinux
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes infoby using the Redis Search module
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protoco
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
JavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJava, SQLLua
Triggersnonoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingdepending on storage layernonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesdepending on storage layerWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencydepending on storage layerImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.depending on storage layeryesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyes infodepending on the DBMS used for storagefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple password-based access control and ACL

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More resources
FoundationDBGeoMesaH2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBKeyDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Spatial database management systems
6 April 2021, Matthias Gelbmann

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