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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. GBase vs. NuoDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. GBase vs. NuoDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGBase  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.An analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.30
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score1.11
Rank#166  Overall
#82  Relational DBMS
Score1.03
Rank#175  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgwww.gbase8a.comnuodb.compingcap.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbdoc.nuodb.comdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperFoundationDBNuoDB, Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201320132016
Current release6.2.28, November 2020GBase 8a5.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyJava, SQLno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBGBaseNuoDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

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24 November 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
FoundationDBGBaseNuoDBTiDB
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Recent citations in the news

Intel Joins Hands with Snowflake to Improve Clients’ Experience
23 November 2021, Nasdaq

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Viewpoints

NuoDB Releases 4.1 Featuring Analytics & Performance Upgrades for The Banking Industry and Is Recognized as A Sample Vendor in Gartner's Hype Cycle for Data Management, 2020
10 August 2020, GlobeNewswire

NuoDB set to improve distributed SQL performance
7 January 2020, TechTarget

NuoDB 4.0 Expands Cloud-native and Cloud-agnostic Capabilities of Distributed SQL Database
29 July 2019, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

PingCAP Offers New Developer Tier for TiDB Cloud
30 November 2021, Database Trends and Applications

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: TiDB
5 November 2021, SDTimes.com

PingCAP Introduces its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9 November 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP announces Public Preview of TiDB Cloud
10 May 2021, PRNewswire

PingCAP, the open-source developer behind TiDB, closes $270 million Series D
17 November 2020, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

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