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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. GBase vs. LokiJS vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. GBase vs. LokiJS vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGBase  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.An analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.In-memory JavaScript DBMSTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.30
Rank#149  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score1.11
Rank#166  Overall
#82  Relational DBMS
Score0.60
Rank#224  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score3.20
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgwww.gbase8a.comgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSpingcap.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperFoundationDBPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201320142016
Current release6.2.28, November 2020GBase 8a5.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++JavaScriptGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlynoyes
APIs and other access methodsJavaScript APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
JavaScriptAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnonoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBGBaseLokiJSTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Believe in the Multiplicative Power of Openness
30 November 2021

How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
24 November 2021

KubeCon 2021 Q&A: PingCAP Recaps the Event and Explores Its HTAP Database
16 November 2021

How to Troubleshoot RocksDB Write Stalls in TiKV
12 November 2021

PingCAP Introduces Its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9 November 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
FoundationDBGBaseLokiJSTiDB
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Recent citations in the news

Intel Joins Hands with Snowflake to Improve Clients’ Experience
23 November 2021, Nasdaq

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

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PingCAP Offers New Developer Tier for TiDB Cloud
30 November 2021, Database Trends and Applications

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9 November 2021, PRNewswire

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