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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. GBase vs. LMDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. GBase vs. LMDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGBase  Xexclude from comparisonLMDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used RDBMS in China, including analytical, transactional, distributed transactional, and cloud-native data warehousing.A high performant, light-weight, embedded key-value database library
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.03
Rank#190  Overall
#31  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#89  Relational DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#185  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score1.99
Rank#125  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
Websitegithub.com/­apple/­foundationdbwww.gbase.cnwww.symas.com/­symas-embedded-database-lmdb
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.lmdb.tech/­doc
DeveloperFoundationDBGeneral Data Technology Co., Ltd.Symas
Initial release201320042011
Current release6.2.28, November 2020GBase 8a, GBase 8s, GBase 8c0.9.32, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C, Java, PythonC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyStandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C#.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Nim
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Swift
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyuser defined functionsno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyesno

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More resources
FoundationDBGBaseLMDB
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