DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > FoundationDB vs. GBase vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. GBase vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Postgres-XL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonGBase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.An analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.Automatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.32
Rank#150  Overall
#25  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#73  Relational DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#170  Overall
#85  Relational DBMS
Score4.38
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score0.68
Rank#213  Overall
#106  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgwww.gbase8a.comcloud.google.com/­datastorewww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docswww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperFoundationDBGoogle
Initial release201320082014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release6.2.28, November 2020GBase 8a10 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyes, details hereyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query language (GQL)yes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyusing Google App Engineuser defined functions
TriggersnoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication using Paxos
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FoundationDBGBaseGoogle Cloud DatastorePostgres-XL
Recent citations in the news

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB, a Distributed Datastore -- ADTmag
26 April 2018, ADT Magazine

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Appleā€™s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Best cloud certification 2021
3 September 2021, ZDNet

Building A Secure Cloud: Strong Data Protection
24 August 2021, Security Boulevard

9 IBM Cloud Paks for app modernization and cloud efforts
2 September 2021, TechTarget

NHS England's release of 'details' on access to Palantir COVID-19 data store: Good enough? We're in a 'dialogue' says national data watchdog
31 August 2021, The Register

Google's Second Cloud Region In India: Implications & Competition
9 July 2021, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

The States Can't Blockchain
1 March 2020, CoinDesk

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Google Cloud Platform Data Engineer and Subject Matter Expert
Booz Allen Hamilton, McLean, VA

Engineering Manager, Google Cloud Platform
Google, Mountain View, CA

Cloud Solution Architect - Open Source Apps + Data
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Data Engineer
Miracle Software Systems, Georgia

Data Analyst II
Policygenius, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Present your product here