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DBMS > Firebird vs. OpenQM vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. OpenQM vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonOpenQM infoalso called QM  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseQpenQM is a high-performance, self-tuning, multi-value DBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Vector DBMS infosince Oracle 23
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.50
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#284  Overall
#10  Multivalue DBMS
Score1244.08
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-multivalue-application-development-platform/­rocket-open-qmwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperFirebird FoundationRocket Software, originally Martin PhillipsOracle
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase19931980
Current release5.0.0, January 20243.4-1223c, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyes infowith some exceptionsyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Basic
C
Java
Objective C
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyesSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
FirebirdOpenQM infoalso called QMOracle
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Conferences, events and webinars

Oracle Cloud World
Las Vegas, 9-12 September 2024

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