DBMS > Firebird vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Tibero
System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. Tibero
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Firebird Xexclude from comparison||NuoDB Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||Tibero Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Firebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBase||NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||A secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Firebird Foundation||NuoDB, Inc.||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||TmaxSoft|
|Initial release||2000 As fork of Borland's InterBase||2013||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2003|
|Current release||3.0.4, October 2018||12.1, November 2019||6, April 2015|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Initial Developer's Public License||commercial limited edition free||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C and C++||C++||C||C and Assembler|
|Server operating systems||AIX|
server-less Firebird Embedded Server
|hosted Amazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages||C|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||PSQL||Java, SQL||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||Persistent Stored Procedure (PSM)|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||data is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||horizontal partitioning by range, hash, list or composite|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||none available via 3rd party products||yes Managed transparently by NuoDB||Master-slave replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Master-master replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID tunable commit protocol||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes Features a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writers||yes MVCC||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes Temporary table||no||no planned for next version|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept||Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...|
|Competitive advantages||NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....|
|Typical application scenarios||Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds|
|Key customers||Dassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos|
|Market metrics||Fast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Subscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...|
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