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DBMS > Firebird vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseOpen source graph databaseCassandra-compatible wide column storeA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.82
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score51.21
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#109  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.87
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Score22.63
Rank#29  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgneo4j.comwww.scylladb.comwww.tigergraph.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsneo4j.com/­docsdocs.scylladb.comdocs.tigergraph.comwww.vertica.com/­documentation/­vertica/­9-3-x-documentation
DeveloperFirebird FoundationNeo4j, Inc.ScyllaDBVertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase2007201520172005
Current release3.0.5, 20204.0.0, January 2020Scylla Open Source 3.2.0, January 2020Vertica Analytics Platform 9.3.x, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++Java, ScalaC++C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinuxLinux
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyesyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infocluster global secondary indicesno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (GSQL)yes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnoyesyes
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlernonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoin-memory tablesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdNeo4jScyllaDBTigerGraphVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Columnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Performance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more
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