DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Firebird vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseOpen source graph databaseKey-value store based on Berkeley DB Java EditionCassandra-compatible wide column storeA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value storeWide column storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.82
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score51.21
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score3.91
Rank#74  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Score2.25
Rank#109  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.87
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.htmlwww.scylladb.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.htmldocs.scylladb.comdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperFirebird FoundationNeo4j, Inc.OracleScyllaDB
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase2007201120152017
Current release3.0.5, 20204.0.0, January 202019.5, November 2019Scylla Open Source 3.2.0, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise EditionOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++Java, ScalaJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionaloptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'schema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
RESTful HTTP APIProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnonoyes
Triggersyesyes infovia event handlernonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyElectable Master-Slave per shardselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integrationnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)no infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infooff heap cacheyes infoin-memory tablesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdNeo4jOracle NoSQLScyllaDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
News

Performant Queries on Highly Connected, Growing Data
26 February 2020

Pokégraph: Gotta Graph ‘Em All!
25 February 2020

Sharding the LDBC Social Network
24 February 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Halin Monitoring, Analyzing CodeMotion Data, Exploring GGCD Graph, Clojure Release, and More 4.0
22 February 2020

#GraphCast: Migrating from Neo4j 3.5 to 4.0
21 February 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FirebirdNeo4jOracle NoSQLScyllaDBTigerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Embedded Database System Market Future Scope (2020-2027) | ENEA Software, Apache, FirebirdSQL
25 February 2020, Tech News Beats

Embedded Database System Market Size Growth Forecast 2020 to 2025
26 February 2020, News by aeresearch

Global Embedded Database System Market research report just published
17 February 2020, News Times

Database Software Market In-Depth Analysis & Marginal Revenue Growth 2020-2026 | Oracle, Microsoft, IBM
18 February 2020, Weekly Wall

The Ultimate Open Source Database List Profiling 16 Software Tools
30 May 2019, Solutions Review

provided by Google News

Neo4j 4.0 graph database platform brings unlimited scaling
4 February 2020, TechCrunch

Neo4j Updates Graph Database
6 February 2020, ADT Magazine

Neo4j Marks Another Year of Product, Customer and Community Momentum
29 January 2020, PRNewswire

Whaddya mean, 'niche'?! Neo4j's chief scientist schools El Reg on graph databases
5 February 2020, The Register

GPU Database Market Ongoing Trends and Recent Developments: Kinetica, Blazegraph, Neo4j, Omnisci, Jedox, Sqream, Zilliz, Brytlyt, Nvidia, Blazingdb, Graphistry, Heterodb
26 February 2020, News Times

provided by Google News

A Global Digital Media Network
25 February 2020, Digital Journal

Oracle Patches 219 Security Vulnerabilities – 142 Remotely Exploitable
16 October 2019, Computer Business Review

Oracle NoSQL Database
3 April 2018, TechTarget

Oracle Defies Self With 'NoSQL' Database
3 October 2011, Wired News

First look: Oracle NoSQL Database
16 November 2011, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

ScyllaDB Extends Support for Streaming with High-Performance Apache Kafka™ Connector
18 February 2020, Yahoo Finance

Scylla Enterprise Named a Winner in InfoWorld Technology of the Year Awards
11 February 2020, GlobeNewswire

ScyllaDB Launches Scylla Cloud Database as a Service
9 April 2019, AiThority

ScyllaDB Smashes Performance Record, Hits 1,000,000,000 RPS
5 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: Scylla Open Source Database
24 January 2020, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

Virtual Roundtable Feb. 5: Updating Health Care, Pharma IT with Graph Database, Analytics
3 February 2020, eWeek

TigerGraph raises $32 million for graph database tools
25 September 2019, VentureBeat

TigerGraph launches graph database as a service
2 October 2019, InfoWorld

TigerGraph Improves Its Graph Database-As-A-Service With Enhanced Performance And More Robustness
3 December 2019, GlobeNewswire

TigerGraph Carves a New Niche with $32 Million Funding, Market Expansion and Latest Product Launch
27 September 2019, MarTech Series

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Media Prod Design Spec Senior (Specially Funded)
Maricopa Community Colleges, Maricopa County, AZ

SENIOR ARCHITECT, LINUX SYSTEMS
Denver Public Schools, Denver, CO

Moorestown, NJ - Software Engineer Associate
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION, Mount Laurel, NJ

Software Engineer
Advanced Security Designs, Rancho Santa Margarita, CA

Software Support Engineer
Simpson Strong-Tie, Lafayette, IN

Entry Level Data Scientist
RTI International, Durham, NC

Vice President, Architecture
JP Morgan Chase, Plano, TX

Data Scientist - Defense & Intelligence
Elder Research Inc, Charlottesville, VA

Data Analyst
Kharon, Los Angeles, CA

Data Scientist
Colsh Consultants, Georgia

Java with Groovy and NoSQL
Avani Technology Solutions Inc, Austin, TX

JUNIOR ENGINEER
Simis Inc, Portsmouth, VA

Full Stack Developer
Dallas Morning News, Dallas, TX

Data Scientist
XPO Logistics, Lebanon, IN

Data Scientist
XPO Logistics, High Point, NC

Site Reliability Engineer
Dstillery, New York, NY

Systems Engineer / DevOps
Hive, San Francisco, CA

Engineering Manager, Compute Platform
Dstillery, New York, NY

Database Administrator / Engineer
EDO, Inc., Los Angeles, CA

Data Analytics/Graph Database Architect- Charlotte, NC
Bank of America, Charlotte, NC

Lead Data Operations Engineer
Turner, New York, NY

Software Engineer
TigerGraph, Redwood City, CA

Data Engineer
rMark Bio, Chicago, IL

Sales Development Representative
TigerGraph, Redwood City, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here