DBMS > Firebird vs. MySQL vs. TimescaleDB
System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. MySQL vs. TimescaleDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Firebird Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||TimescaleDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Firebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBase||Widely used open source RDBMS||A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Time Series DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Firebird Foundation||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||Timescale|
|Initial release||2000 As fork of Borland's InterBase||1995||2017|
|Current release||4.0.2, August 2022||8.0.32, January 2023||2.6.0, February 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Initial Developer's Public License||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting On-Premises and on a wide variety of cloud providers. Easily deploy, monitor, provision, and scale your deployments in the cloud.|
|Implementation language||C and C++||C and C++||C|
|Server operating systems||AIX|
server-less Firebird Embedded Server
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||numerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes with proprietary extensions||yes full PostgreSQL SQL syntax|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||C|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||PSQL||yes proprietary syntax||user defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||yes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication||Multi-source replication|
|Source-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes Features a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writers||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...|
|Competitive advantages||TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...|
|Typical application scenarios||Time-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...|
|Key customers||TransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...|
|Market metrics||With over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...|
|Licensing and pricing models||TimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...|
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