DBMS > Firebird vs. Milvus vs. PostgreSQL
System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Milvus vs. PostgreSQL
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Firebird Xexclude from comparison||Milvus Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Firebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBase||A DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Search engine||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Firebird Foundation||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer|
|Initial release||2000 As fork of Borland's InterBase||2019||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL|
|Current release||4.0.1, December 2021||2.0, January 2022||14.4, June 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Initial Developer's Public License||Open Source Apache Version 2.0||Open Source BSD|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
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|Implementation language||C and C++||C++, Go||C|
|Server operating systems||AIX|
server-less Firebird Embedded Server
macOS 10.14 or later
Windows with WSL 2 enabled
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||Numeric and String||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||no||yes standard with numerous extensions|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
|RESTful HTTP API||ADO.NET|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||C|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||PSQL||no||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||Sharding||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||none available via 3rd party products||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Bounded Staleness|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||no||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||no||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes Features a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writers||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Users with fine-grained authorization concept||no||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||Milvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...|
|Competitive advantages||Highly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...|
|Typical application scenarios||Video media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...|
|Key customers||Milvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...|
|Market metrics||As of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Milvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...|
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