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DBMS > Firebird vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Rockset vs. STSdb vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Rockset vs. STSdb vs. VoltDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRockset  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA scalable, reliable search and analytics service in the cloud, built on RocksDBKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score25.01
Rank#33  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score924.68
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#226  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score0.15
Rank#333  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Score1.97
Rank#137  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverrockset.comgithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4www.voltdb.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.rockset.comdocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperFirebird FoundationMicrosoftRocksetSTS Soft SCVoltDB Inc.
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase1989201920112010
Current release4.0.2, August 2022SQL Server 2019, November 20194.0.8, September 201511.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availableOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C++C#Java, C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
hostedWindowsLinux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesdynamic typingyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infoingestion from XML files supported
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesRead-only SQL queries, including JOINsnoyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP REST.NET Client APIJava API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
C#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavanonoJava
Triggersyesyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationAutomatic shardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionyesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnonono infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnonoACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and organizations can be defined via Rockset consolenoUsers and roles with access to stored procedures

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More resources
FirebirdMicrosoft SQL ServerRocksetSTSdbVoltDB
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