DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Firebird vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Graph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.87
Rank#32  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score1062.76
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.45
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperFirebird FoundationMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerStardog-Union
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase19891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2010
Current release3.0.5, 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201912.4, August 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC and C++C++CJava
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more
pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FirebirdMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Database Software Market is Booming Worldwide By Top Emerging Key Players:Oracle, Microsoft, IBM, SAP, Amazon Web Services, SolarWinds, Airtable, MariaDB Corporation Ab, PostgreSQL, QuintaDB, Sonadier, ManageEngine, Software AG, Quick Base, Teradata, Altibase, Firebird
25 September 2020, Weekly Wall

Latest Research report on Database Software Market Size predicts favorable growth and forecast 2020 – 2025| By Top Leading Vendors like Oracle, Microsoft, IBM, SAP, etc
23 September 2020, thedailychronicle.in

Global Digital Printing Pre-treatment Liquid Market Report,Top Key players: Dupont, Epson, Lubrizol, Textilchemie Dr. Petry GmbH, Image Armor, and Firebird
23 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

How to install dbeaver on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - Linux Shout
21 September 2020, H2S Media

Flying Bags Market 2020 Global Share, Growth, Size, Opportunities, Trends, Regional Overview, Leading Company Analysis And Forecast To 2026 | Research Report By Industry Growth Insights
26 August 2020, The Daily Chronicle

provided by Google News

Hybrid Disaster Recovery Scenarios for SQL Server | Data Exposed - Microsoft
22 September 2020, Channel 9

An Introduction to Microsoft Hybrid SQL Server Solutions - Microsoft
15 September 2020, Channel 9

Repairing SQL Database Corruption with CHECKDB Repair? You Can Lose Your Data Forever
24 September 2020, Infosecurity Magazine

Deploying SQL Server 2019 in Kubernetes | Data Exposed - Microsoft
1 September 2020, Channel 9

Hasura Brings Instant GraphQL to MySQL and SQL Server for Rapid API Development to Unlock Siloed Data, Raises $25 Million in Series B
8 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 13
24 September 2020, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL 13 Released: Performance Gains, Space Savings, Enhanced Security, Developer Experience
24 September 2020, PR Web

PostgreSQL 13 Released With Performance Improvements
24 September 2020, Phoronix

How Can PostgreSQL, The Most Advanced Open Source Relational Database, Benefit Your Company?
8 September 2020, DC Velocity

Crunchy PostgreSQL for Kubernetes Now Available Through Red Hat Marketplace
8 September 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Counterintelligence Specialist-Common Intelligence Picture
Firebird AST, Camp H M Smith, HI

Software Engineer
Advanced Security Designs, Santa Margarita, CA

Hydrologic System Support Analyst
TechGlobal Inc., Silver Spring, MD

Moorestown, NJ - Software Engineer Intern
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION, Mount Laurel, NJ

Engineer Network 4
Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc., Virginia Beach, VA

Sql Server Developer
SDH Systems, Redmond, WA

Jr. SQL Developer
Morine Technologies Inc, Bellevue, WA

MS SQL Server DBA 2
Spartan Technologies, Fort Washington, PA

Data Specialist (SQL Server, MSBI,COSMOS, Power BI)
Lenora Systems Inc, Redmond, WA

SQL Developer
Frontier Communications, Everett, WA

Service Delivery Manager
Percona, Remote

PowerBuilder Developer
Stellar Technology Solutions, LLC, Stroudsburg, PA

Data Analyst (Remote)
NASWA (National Association of State Workforce Agencies), United States

PostgreSQL DBA
Aptonet, Inc, Atlanta, GA

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here