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DBMS > Firebird vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. OrientDB vs. RDF4J vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)RDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
RDF storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.28
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.56
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.68
Rank#211  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score56.92
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverorientdb.orgrdf4j.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlrdf4j.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperFirebird FoundationMicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.SAP
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase1989201020042010
Current release4.0, June 2021SQL Server 2019, November 20193.1.9, February 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++JavaJava
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")yes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like query language, no joinsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJava, JavascriptyesSQLScript, R
TriggersyesyesHooksyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replicationnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationship in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurablenoyes

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More resources
FirebirdMicrosoft SQL ServerOrientDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSAP HANA
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