DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Firebird vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. TempoIQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score24.83
Rank#31  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1271.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score56.24
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmltempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperFirebird FoundationMicrosoftOracleSAPTempoIQ
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase1989198020102012
Current release4.0, June 2021SQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, Rno
Triggersyesyesyesyesyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyessimple authentication-based access control

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesFivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more
Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FirebirdMicrosoft SQL ServerOracleSAP HANATempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Keep Abreast of dbExpress Drivers for RAD Studio 11 Alexandria with Firebird 4 and Apple M1 Support
25 September 2021, IT News Online

Meet New Devart Delphi DAC for RAD Studio 11 Alexandria with Firebird 4 and Apple M1 Support
23 September 2021, IT News Online

Database Software Market Insights and In-Depth Analysis 2021-2026 with Types, Products and Key Players
23 September 2021, Northwest Diamond Notes

Top 15 Databases to Use in 2021 and Beyond
4 June 2021, Appinventiv

Review: Firebird
25 March 2021, Cineuropa

provided by Google News

How do I Repair SQL Server Page Level Corruption Manually
25 September 2021, The African Exponent

Q&A with Karen Lopez: A Database Designer's Favorite New SQL Server Features
22 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Open Sources .NET 5 C# Language Extension for SQL Server
10 September 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

Managing SQL Server Agent Jobs with Notebook Jobs in Azure Data Studio - Microsoft
31 August 2021, Channel 9

How to Exploit SQL Server Using Registry Keys
7 September 2021, Security Boulevard

provided by Google News

Adenza Chooses Oracle Autonomous Database to Expand its Multi-Cloud Risk Analytics Services
16 September 2021, inForney.com

Finding Ready With Oracle 1Z0-082 Exam Dumps
24 September 2021, The African Exponent

Database Wars: Oracle Attacks Amazon with High-Speed Upgrade
16 September 2021, Cloud Wars

Genuine Oracle Exam Questions With Updated 1Z0-083 Greatest High-quality Of PDF Exam Dumps
24 September 2021, The African Exponent

Pick 1Z0-060 Exam Dumps (1Z0-060 Dumps PDF) Will Provide You With Peace of Mind
24 September 2021, The African Exponent

provided by Google News

What's next for SAP HANA 1.0 users
21 September 2021, TechTarget

SAP HANA SECURITY Solution Acquired by XYPRO
1 September 2021, Infosecurity Magazine

XYPRO Acquires SAP HANA SECURITY Solution from Hewlett Packard Enterprise
31 August 2021, WFMZ Allentown

Advanced E_HANABW_13 Dumps - Free PDF Questions Curated By SAP Experts
24 September 2021, The African Exponent

ReleaseOwl announces native Infrastructure Monitor for SAP HANA hosted on AWS and Azure
9 September 2021, EIN News

provided by Google News

Big Data and Analytics Market to See Major Growth by 2026 | Microsoft, MongoDB, Predikto – The Manomet Current
24 September 2021, The Manomet Current

TempoIQ Adds Updates to Its IoT PaaS NoCode Platform
10 November 2015, App Developer Magazine

Global IIoT and Cloud Computing Market 2020 Growing Demand and Growth Analysis 2025 | Top Players as XMPro, Carriots, IBM, Siemens AG, Sierra Wireless Inc., Bosch
7 June 2021, The Manomet Current

Can Citrix's Octoblu really connect anything to everything?
11 August 2017, TechGenix

The Industrial IoT: Startups Transforming Factory Floors, Oil Fields, And Supply Chains
20 January 2016, LinkedIn

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer Associate-Entry Level
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION, Mount Laurel, NJ

JR SQL Developer - Data Wrangler Apprenticeship
Arkansas Center for Data Sciences, Little Rock, AR

Software Engineer
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION, Mount Laurel, NJ

Mbr Engrg Staff/ Software Engineer - DevOps
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION, Mount Laurel, NJ

Sr Software Engineer
LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION, Mount Laurel, NJ

SQL Server Database Administrator
VV Tech Solutions, Austin, TX

SQL Server DBA
Viviente Software, Floresville, TX

SQL Server Developer - Telecommute
UnitedHealth Group, Edina, MN

SQL Server Database Administrator - REMOTE
Data Dimensions, Janesville, WI

SQL Server Database Administrator
Microhealth LLC, Vienna, VA

Oracle Database Administrator
Velocity Technology Solutions, Inc., United States

Oracle Database Administrator
Oracle, United States

Database Administrator- REMOTE *
Sierra7, Falls Church, VA

Database Administrator 3/Senior Database Administrator
MidAmerican Energy, Salt Lake City, UT

Oracle SQL Database Developer
Byrne Software Technologies, Remote

Sr. SAP S4 HANA Basis Administrator
Rivian Automotive, Normal, IL

BI PM/BA (Power BI, SAP/HANA)
NorthShore Resources, Inc., Austin, TX

Senior SAP BW HANA Consultant
A1 Kaiser, Pennsylvania

Sr SAP BASIS/HANA Admin
UGI Utilities, Inc, Denver, PA

SAP HANA Architect
Delta, Atlanta, GA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here