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DBMS > Firebird vs. Microsoft Access vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. Microsoft Access vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.58
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Score125.99
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#338  Overall
#47  Document stores
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.torodb.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperFirebird FoundationMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase19922016
Current release4.0, June 20211902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public Licensecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C++Java
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsnoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and roles

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More resources
FirebirdMicrosoft AccessToroDB
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