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DBMS > Firebird vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Key-value store based on Berkeley DB Java Edition
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score22.09
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score85.57
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.57
Rank#79  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.html
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.html
DeveloperFirebird FoundationMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase20092011
Current release3.0.4, October 201810.4.10, November 201918.3, November 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise Edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Electable Master-Slave per shard
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdMariaDBOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Data can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Internet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Large credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Oracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

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More resources
FirebirdMariaDBOracle NoSQL
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