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DBMS > Firebird vs. MariaDB vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Firebird vs. MariaDB vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Open source graph databaseCassandra-compatible wide column storeA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.82
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score87.34
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score51.21
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#109  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.87
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.firebirdsql.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
neo4j.comwww.scylladb.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryneo4j.com/­docsdocs.scylladb.comdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperFirebird FoundationMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Neo4j, Inc.ScyllaDB
Initial release2000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase2009200720152017
Current release3.0.5, January 202010.4.12, January 20204.0.0, January 2020Scylla Open Source 3.2.0, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC and C++C and C++Java, ScalaC++C++
Server operating systemsAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infocluster global secondary indices
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresPSQLyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnoyes
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlernono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoavailable via 3rd party productsMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoin-memory tablesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
FirebirdMariaDBNeo4jScyllaDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

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